We have tried to simplify the legislative language for the ease of the parents. Other websites may not define and differentiate between the car seat laws and rules in a much more straightforward way.

Baby car seats are made to keep them confined in moving vehicles. Child safety seat statistics show that a restrained child is 96% safer than an unrestrained child.
Child car seat laws are different in all fifty states of the US. It confuses the parents, especially when traveling to other states.

To clear this confusion, we have compiled here all the fifty states of the US and the associated car seat laws by age, weight, and height of children.

Note: this is the recently updated car seat laws by state list, and we keep updating the information so that you can update your child’s car seat in time.

Table of Contents

Best Car Seat Safety Practice for All Fifty States of US Children

Child safety seat laws combine the instructions and recommendations of child safety experts and State legislators (who modify those laws by keeping in view the public behavior and reaction).

Shortly, a very basic traffic safety law applicable in the 50 states of the US is “to wear a seat belt and use an appropriate child restraint system for children under 12 years even in taxis (even though taxis are exempted from your state car seat law).

Definition of Common Terms used in Car Seat Laws

Following are the terms commonly used in the child car seat laws and misunderstood or ignored. But it is important to know its meaning.

Federal Approval: Federally Approved means that the car seat, crash test ratings, and restraint system are according to the standards set in FMVSS 213.

Proper Use: it means that the car seat is designed for a certain age, weight, and height limit of a child, and it has a particular installation and use protocol mentioned in the owner’s manual.

And/Or: if a car seat law consists of “and,” it means that both the parts of the law are mandatory for the child.
On the other hand, “or” means that the child has an option in fulfilling one criterion or the other.

Find Your Car Seat Law by State

Click on the state on the map to find out the child car seat type by age and the relevant car seat law in the 50 states of the US.

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado
Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho
Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana
Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi
Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey
New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma
Oregon Pennsylvania North Carolina Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota
Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Vermont Washington
West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming

Alabama Car Set Laws (32-5-222)

  • Law: Alabama car seat laws state that children below age 6 shall properly be secured in an integrated child passenger restraint system that meets FMVSS 213 requirements. They will use a size-appropriate restraint system in the following pattern:
    1. Rear-facing only or convertible car seats suitable for children: 0-1+ years old, 20-30 lbs. and 15-30 inches in height. It will be positioned rear-facing
    2. Convertible or forward-facing car seat requirements include age: 2-5+ years, weight: 30-60 lbs. height: 30-49 inches. It can be installed rear or front-facing
    3. Child booster seat requirements include 6-12+ years of age, 60-100 lbs. weight, and 49-57 inches height. It will be installed front-facing
    4. Seat belt is safe for children above 12-15 years, 120+ lbs. and 57-63 inches in height.
  • Location in car: not specified
  • Taxi: Exempt
  • Fine: $25
  • Alabama seat belt law:
    • Law: All occupants, including children above 15 required to wear a seat belt
    • Fine: $25
    • RVs: children require a restrained child system, and a seat belt is compulsory for all other occupants

Alaska Car Seat Laws (Sec. 2. AS 28.05.095)

  • Law: According to the State of Alaska car seat laws, all children under 16 years will travel as specified:
    1. Every child under 1 year, 20 lbs. and 25ʺ height will use an infant-only seat or a convertible car seat which will be installed rear-facing
    2. Convertible car seats or forward-facing car seat requirements are age 1-5 years, weight 20-40 lbs., and height 25-49ʺ
    3. Children of age between 4-8 years, with weights 40-80 lbs. and height less than 57ʺ will use a booster car seat.
    4. When a child crosses the age, weight, and height limit for a booster car seat (as mentioned above), they can start wearing a seat belt or keep using another federally-approved child safety device.
  • Location in the car: not specified
  • Taxi: not exempt
  • Fine: $15
  • Alabama seat belt law:
    • Law: All passengers, including the driver required to wear a seat belt
    • Fine: $15
    • RVs: seat belt is mandatory for all occupants, while children will use a child restraint system

Arizona Car Seat Laws (ARS 28-907)

  • Law: As stated in the Arizona car seat laws, a child below 8 years and 4 ft. 9ʺ will travel in a federally-approved child restraint system in the following car seat types:
    1. Newborns and infants below 1 year, 20 lbs. and 25ʺ will ride rear-facing in an infant-only seat or a convertible car seat
    2. All children between 1-5 years of age, 20-40 lbs. of weight, and 25-49ʺ of height will travel in a forward-facing seat or a convertible car seat that can be installed rear-facing (for 1-2 years old) as well as forward-facing (for 2+ years old child)
    3. Booster car seat age, weight, and height requirements are: 5-8 years, 40-80 lbs., and 49-57ʺ
    4. When a child crosses the booster seat weight requirements, they will be allowed to wear a seat belt in Arizona State.
  • Location in the car: not specified
  • Taxi: not exempt
  • Fine: $50
  • Arizona seat belt law:
    • Law: All children younger than 16, including the front passengers
    • Fine: $10
    • RVs: seat belt is mandatory for all occupants on the front as well as rear seats, while children through 5-to-15 wear a seat belt

Arkansas Car Seat Laws (Arkansas Code 27-34-104)

  • Law: Every child under 15 years will be restrained in their age, weight, and height related child passenger restrained system as specified below
    1. Infant-only or convertible car seats are suitable for children 0-1+ years old, 20-30 lbs. and 15-30 inches in height. It will be installed rear-facing in the vehicle.
    2. Convertible car seat or forward-facing car seat requirements are age 2-5+ years, weight: 30-60 lbs. and height: 30-49 inches. It can either be installed rear-facing or front-facing.
    3. Required age, height, and weight for booster car seat include 6-12+ years, 60-100 lbs., and 49-57 inches.
    4. Seat belt use is safe for children above 12 years, 120+ lbs. and 4ft. 9 inches in height.
  • Location in the car: not specified
  • Taxi: exempt
  • Fine: $25-$100
  • Arkansas seat belt law
    • Law: A seat belt is mandatory for the passenger in the front seat
    • Fine: $25
    • RVs: A seat belt is mandatory for the passenger in the front seat; car seat laws apply

California Car Seat Laws (Section 27360 – 27368)

  • Law: California car seat laws state that every child under 8 years must be secured in an appropriate child passenger restraint system as specified below
    1. Infant car seats or convertible car seats’ age, weight, and height requirements in California are 0-2 years, 5-30 lbs., and up to 30 inches.
    2. Forward-facing seats or convertible seats will accommodate your child from the age of 2 years until they are 5+ years old, 60 lbs. or 9 inches in height.
    3. Booster car seats have the following lower and upper age, weight, and height requirements: 6-12+ years, 60-100 lbs., and 49-57 inches.
    4. When a child outgrows the booster car seat height, and weight requirements (as mentioned above) will be allowed to wear a safety seat belt
  • Location in the car: Children under 8 years must be restrained in the back vehicle seat. Turn off the airbag before installing a rear-facing car seat on the front seat.
  • Taxi: Not exempt
  • Fine: $100-$250
  • California seat belt law:
    • Law: All occupants in a moving vehicle are required to wear a seat belt
    • Fine: $162
    • RVs: All occupants in a moving vehicle are required to wear a seat belt

Colorado Car Seat Laws (Colorado Revised Statue 42-4-236)

  • Law: Colorado car seat laws state that children from infancy to childhood will travel in the following child passenger restraint system
    1. Infant car seat age limit in Colorado is 0-1 years, the weight limit is 5-20 lbs., and the height limit is 25 inches. It will be installed rear-facing.
    2. Forward-facing seats or convertible car seats are used to secure a child of age 1-5 years, weight 20-40 lbs., and height 25-49 inches.
    3. When a child outgrows, the upper age, weight, and height limit for a forward-facing car seat will be secured in a Booster car seat. A booster car seat will accommodate your child between 5-8 years, weight 40-80 lbs. and height 57 inches.
    4. A child safety seat belt will be used to secure the child until at least 15 years of age.
  • Location in the car: Not specified
  • Taxi: Exempt
  • Fine: $71
  • Colorado seat belt law
    • Law: front seat occupants are required to wear a seat belt.
    • Fine: $71
    • RVs: children are required to use a child restraint system, and front seat occupants must use a seat belt.

Connecticut Car Seat Laws (Sec. 14-100a (d) (1))

  • Law: Connecticut car seat laws for children of age between 0-12 years are as listed:
    1. Convertible seats or rear facing car seat age is 0-2 years, the weight limit is 5-30 lbs. and height limit is 20-32 inches. Children under 2 years will ride rear-facing and be restrained in a 5-point harness.
    2. Convertible seats or forward-facing car seats will secure a child of age 2-5 years, weight 30-60 lbs. and height 32-49 inches. These car seats can be installed either rear or forward facing.
    3. Booster car seats come at the 3rd number and will accommodate your child of age 5-8 years, weight 60-100 lbs. and height 49-57 inches.
      When a child outgrows, the age, weight, and height limit for a booster car seat will be allowed to wear a seat belt in Connecticut State.
  • Location in the car: Not specified
  • Taxi: Not exempt
  • Fine: On the first offense, the guardian will receive an infraction, while a fine of $199 for a second offense
  • Connecticut seat belt law:
    • Law: Wearing a seat belt is mandatory for all passengers (recently updated)
    • Fine: $75 for passengers below 18 years and $50 for all other passengers
    • RVs: Front occupants (8-16 years old) need to wear a seat belt, while younger than 8 use the appropriate child restraint system

Related  -> Car seat ages and stages


Delaware Car Seat Laws (Title 21 Section 4803)

  • Law: Every child under 8 years will travel in a child safety seat according to the following age car seat height and weight guidelines:
    1. Rear facing car seat age limit is 0-1 year. When a child outgrows the upper age, weight (5-20 lbs.), and height (20-30 inches) requirements for a rear-facing car seat, they will be face-forward in convertible car seats.
    2. Forward-facing seats or convertible car seats will be used to secure a child of age 1-5 years, weight 20-40 lbs. and height 30-49 inches.
    3. Booster car seats in Delaware state will be used by children of age 5-8 years, weight 40-80 lbs. and height 49-59 inches (4ft. 9inches)
    4. A vehicle seat belt will adequately restrain a child above 8 years but younger than 16
  • Location in the car: Every child under 12 years and 665 lbs. will be restrained in the rear-seat
  • Taxi: Exempt
  • Fine: $25
  • Delaware seat belt law:
    • Law: All occupants (including drivers and children above 16 years) will use a vehicle seat belt
    • Fine: $25
    • RVs: children under 16 need to be secured in an age-appropriate child restraint system while all other occupants will wear a seat belt

Florida Car Seat Laws (316.613)

  • Law: Children under 17 years of age will be restrained in an appropriate child passenger safety system as specified below:
    1. Infant car seat age and weight requirements in Florida State are 0-3 years and 5-30 lbs. An infant will be installed rear-facing
    2. A 3-5-year-old child will use a forward-facing or convertible car seat until they are 30-60 lbs. or 49 inches in height
    3. When your child outgrows the age of a forward-facing car seat is time to shift to a booster seat. In Florida, children of age 6 years, 60-80 lbs. and 4ft. 9 inches use a booster seat.
    4. Every child above 8 and under 17 is required to use a child safety seat belt in moving vehicles
  • Location in the car: Not specified
  • Taxi: Exempt
  • Fine: $60
  • Florida seat belt law:
    • Law: front seat occupants and children younger than 18 in the vehicle’s back seat are required to wear a seat belt
    • Fine: $30
    • RVs: children need to use a proper child restraint system until at least 6 years, while front seat occupants will wear a seat belt

Georgia Car Seat Laws (O.C.G.A. § 40-8-76)

  • Law: An appropriate child passenger restraining system will be used for kids under 8 years of age as specified below:
    1. 1. Newborns and infants will be restrained in a rear-facing only or convertible car seat until they are 1+ years old, 20+ lbs. or 30+ inches in height.
    2. Forward-facing car seat height and weight requirements include 25-49 inches and 30-60 pounds. These car seats will be used by children of age 1-5 years.
    3. Booster car seat age, weight, and height limitations are 5-8 years, 60-100 lbs., and 49-59 inches.
    4. When a child outgrows, the age, weight, and height limit for a booster car seat is allowed to shift to a vehicle seat belt.
  • Location in the car: Every child under 8 will ride in the back vehicle seat. If you have no option other than the front seat, restrain them in a booster seat.
  • Taxi: Exempt
  • Fine: $50
  • Georgia seat belt law:
    • Law: children (8-18 years old) and front occupants are mandatory to wear a seat belt
    • Fine: $15
    • RVs: children (8-18 years old) and front occupants are mandatory to wear a seat belt, while a child restraining system is compulsory for kids under 8 years

Related:  Does car seat go behind the driver or passenger?


Hawaii Car Seat Laws (HRS Section 291-11.5)

  • Law: A child under 4 will be safely restrained in an age-appropriate car seat according to federal traffic safety recommendations. Baby car seats are of 3 types having specific age, weight, and height requirements as mentioned below:
    1. Rear-facing car seats will be used for children who meet their age (0-2 years), weight (5-30 lbs.), and height (15-30 inches) limits.
    2. Forward-facing or convertible car seats are safe for children 2-4 years old, weigh 30-60 lbs., and are 30-49 inches tall.
    3. Booster car seats are allowed in Hawaii State when a child meets this car seat requirement, and that is: Age: 4-8 years, Weight: 60-100 lbs., and Height: 49-59 inches
    4. When a child outgrows, the age, weight, and height limit for a booster seat and the vehicle seat belt that fits them snugly will be shifted to it
  • Location in the car: Not specified
  • Taxi: Exempt
  • Fine: $100
  • Hawaii seat belt law:
    • Law: Seat bet is mandatory for all occupants either in the front or back seat of the vehicle
    • Fine: $45 + $20 surcharge
    • RVs: Seat bet is mandatory for all occupants either in the front or back seat of a vehicle, while children under 8 will use a child passenger restraining system

Idaho Car Seat Laws (title 49 Chap 6 Section 49-672)

  • Law: Idaho car seat laws state that children under 6 years of age must be secured in a federally-approve child passenger restraining system as specified below:
    1. Rear-facing car seat law for infants and toddler state that “Every child under 2 years, 30 lbs. and 32 inches will remain in a rear-facing only seat or convertible car seat, installed on the back vehicle seat.”
    2. Forward-facing or convertible car seats are used to secure a child who is 2-4 years old, weighs 30-65 lbs., and has 32-49 inches in height.
    3. Booster car seats come on the 3rd number and have the following age, weight, and height specifications: 4-8 years, 60-100 lbs. and 49-59 inches
    4. When a child crosses the age, weight, and height limit for a booster car seat will be shifted to a vehicle seat belt in the Idaho State
  • Location in the car: Not specified
  • Taxi: Exempt
  • Fine: $79
  • Idaho seat belt law:
    • Law: All occupants, including children above 12, need to wear a seat belt
    • Fine: $10 and $51.50 for child drivers (under 18)
    • RVs: Al occupants, including children above 12, need to wear a seat belt, while children under 12 will use a child restraint system

Related: How to Travel With a Car Seat on Road Trips & Airplanes?


Illinois Car Seat Laws (625 ILCS 25/4 Child Passenger Protection Act)

  • Law: All children under 12 in Illinois State will travel in an age-related car seat that must be according to the State Child Passenger Safety Laws. Following are the 4 car seat ages and stages of children:
    1. A child under 2 years, 30 lbs. and 32 inches, will be restrained in a rear-facing only seat or a convertible car seat that will be installed rear-facing.
    2. Forward-facing only seats or convertible car seats have the following age, weight, and height limitations: 2-4 years, 30-60 lbs., and 32-49 inches.
    3. Booster car seats will be used to restrain a child who has outgrown the age, weight, and height limits for a forward-facing car seat.
    4. A child above 12 years, 100 lbs. and 59 inches in height, can wear a vehicle seat belt if it fits them snugly.
  • Location in the car: Not specified
  • Taxi: Exempt
  • Fine: $75
  • Illinois seat belt law:
    • Law: Every child (8-16 years old) and the occupant will wear a safety seat belt
    • Fine: $25
    • RVs: Every child (8-16 years old) and the occupant will wear a safety seat belt, while children under 8 will use a federally-approved child restraint system

Related: What is the weight limit for a booster seat?


Indiana Car Seat Laws (IC 9-19-11)

  • Law: Indiana car seat laws 2022 state that children under 8 will be restrained in a federally approved child restraint system as specified below:
    1. Newborns and infants under 1 year, 20 lbs., and 25 inches in height will travel in a rear-facing only seat or convertible car seats that will be installed rear-facing.
    2. The forward-facing car seat will accommodate children of age (1-4 years), weight (20-40 lbs.), and height (25-49 inches).
    3. Booster car seat laws for Indiana have the following age, weight, and height limits: 4-8 years, 40-100 lbs., and 40-50 inches.
    4. When a child outgrows the age, weight, and height limit for a booster car seat and the vehicle seat belt fits them snugly will be allowed to wear it while traveling.
  • Location in the car: Not specified
  • Taxi: Exempt
  • Fine: $25
  • Colorado seat belt law:
    • Law: It is obligatory for all front and back seat occupants, including children above 12 years, to wear a seat belt
    • Fine: $25
    • RVs: It is obligatory for all front and back seat occupants, including children above 12 years, to wear a seat belt, while kids below 12 will use the age-related child restraint system

Iowa Car Seat Laws (IOWA CODE 321.446)

  • Law: All children under 8 years of age will travel in a federally-approved child passenger restraining system as specified here:
    1. Infant car seats will be your child’s first-ever car seat. They will travel in it until it exceeds its age (2+ years), weight (30 lbs.), and height (30 inches) limit.
    2. A child between 2-4 years, 30-60 lbs. and 30-9 inches will be restrained in forward-facing only seats or convertible car seats that can either be installed rear or forward-facing.
    3. Booster seat height and weight limit include 49-59 inches and 60-120 lbs. A child from the age of 4 to 8 and even 12 years old can also use a booster car seat, depending upon the car seat brand.
    4. When a child outgrows their booster seat’s age, weight, and height limit and the vehicle seat belt fits them perfectly will be allowed to wear it.
  • Location in the car: Not specified
  • Taxi: Not exempt
  • Fine: $195
  • Iowa seat belt law:
    • Law: Front seat occupants are required to wear a seat belt.
    • Fine: $71
    • RVs: Front seat occupants and children above 12 must wear a seat belt. Children below 12 will be secured in their age-related car seats.

Kansas Car Seat Laws (KSA 8-1343)

  • Law: Kansas car seat laws for children under 12 years of age state, “Every child needs to be adequately restrained in their age-related federally-approved child passenger restraining system.”
    There are 3 types of child car seats by age of children as specified below:

    1. Infant seats only or convertible car seats will carry your child until they are at least 1 year, 20 lbs. or 30 inches in height.
    2. The upper and lower forward-facing car seat requirements are: Age: 1-5 years, Weight: 20-60 lbs. and Height: 30-49 inches.
    3. Booster car seats will accommodate your child until they meet the following car booster seat requirements: 4-8 years, 60-120 lbs. and 49-59 inches in height.
    4. When a child crosses the age, weight, and height limit for a booster car seat will be shifted to the vehicle seat belt in Kansas.
  • Location in the car: Not specified
  • Taxi: Not exempt
  • Fine: $60
  • Kansas seat belt law:
    • Law: All passengers, including front seat, back seat occupants, and children between 14-17 years old, are required to wear a seat belt.
    • Fine: $60 for children of age 14-17 while $30 for other occupants.
    • RVs: All passengers, including front seat, back seat occupants, and children between 14-17 years old, must wear a seat belt. Children below 14 will use a child restraint system.

Kentucky Car Seat Laws (KRS 189.125) 

  • Law: Kentucky car seat laws for child passenger state that “Every child under 12 years of age will be adequately restrained in a federally-approved child restraining system until they have grown enough to wear a vehicle seat belt.” Following are car seat height and weight guidelines in Kentucky:
    1. Newborns, infants, and toddlers until 2 years of age, 30 lbs. of weight, and 30 inches tall will travel in rear-facing only seats or convertible car seats installed rear-facing.
    2. Forward-facing only or convertible car seats will be your child’s travel partner until they reach their upper age, weight, and height limit, i.e. 4+ years, 60+ lbs. and 49+ inches.
    3. You can restrain your child in booster car seats in Kentucky State until they meet the following requirements: 4-8 years, 60-120 lbs., and 49-59 inches.
    4. When a child outgrows, the age, weight, and height limit for a booster car seat or vehicle seat belt that fits them perfectly will be allowed to use wear it.
  • Location in the car: Not specified
  • Taxi: Not exempt
  • Fine: $25 for booster and $50 for child restraint law violation
  • Kentucky seat belt law:
    • Law: All occupants (either in front or back passenger seat) are required to wear a seat belt
    • Fine: $25
    • RVs: All occupants (either in front or back passenger seat) are required to wear a seat belt, while children below 12 will use a child restraint system

Louisiana Car Seat Laws (RS 32:295)

  • Law: Rear Facing vs Forward Facing Statistics show that a restrained child is less likely (90%) to receive fatal crash injuries than an unrestrained child. Therefore, the State of Louisiana made the following child restraint system compulsory for kids under 12 years:
    1. Every child from 0-2 years, 5-30 lbs. and 20-30 inches will travel in rear-facing only seats or convertible car seats that will be installed rearward
    2. Face forward a child in car seats when they have the following age, weight, and height: 2-4 years, 30-60 lbs. and 30-49 inches tall
    3. The upper and lower booster seat weight requirements include 60-120 lbs. depending upon the car seat brand you have. Children of age 4-8 and height 49-59 can use booster car seats
    4. When a child crosses the booster seat height, and weight will be shifted to the vehicle seat belt
  • Location in the car: Children below 13 years will be restrained on the back passenger seat
  • Taxi: Exempt
  • Fine: $100
  • Louisiana seat belt law:
    • Law: All passengers (on front and back seats), including children under 13, will wear a seat belt
    • Fine: $50 for a first offense
    • RVs: All passengers (on front and back seats), including children under 13, will wear a seat belt, while kids below 12 will a federally-approved child restraint system

Maine Car Seat Laws (MRS 2081)

  • Law: For the comfort and safety of children, Maine car seat laws made it obligatory to use a federally-approved child passenger restraining system until they have grown enough to wear a seat belt. Child car seat ages and stages are specified as:
    1. Newborns and infants will be restrained in a rear-facing car seat until they are 2+ years old, weighs 30+ lbs. or 30+ inches tall
    2. The forward-facing car seat will accommodate your child until they meet its age, weight, and height requirements i.e.: 2-4 years, 30-60 lbs. and 30-49 inches
    3. Booster car seats are the third car seat that your child will use. The age, height, and weight for booster seats include 4-8 years, 49-59 inches, and 60-100 lbs.
    4. When a child crosses the age for a booster seat, and the vehicle seat belt fits them snugly will be allowed to wear the seat belt
  • Location in the car: Every child under 12 years and weighs 100 lbs. will be restrained in the back passenger seat
  • Taxi: Exempt
  • Fine: $50 for the first offense
  • Maine seat belt law:
    • Law: All occupants (either in front or back seat) and children above 12 years will wear a seat belt
    • Fine: $50
    • RVs: All occupants (either in front or back seat) and children above 12 years will wear a seat belt, while children under 12 will use a federally-approved child restraint system

Related: When to upgrade from infant car seat?


Maryland Car Seat Laws (22–412.2)

  • Law: Maryland car seat laws state that all children under 8 years of age will be secured in a federally-approved child restraint system as specified:
    1. Infant car seats are installed rear-facing and accommodate a child of age 0-2 years old, weight 5-30 lbs. and height 15-32 inches.
    2. Forward-facing car seat height and weight requirements are 32-49 inches and 30-65 lbs. When a child is 4+ years old, they will be allowed to travel in a booster car seat.
    3. Booster car seats are used to lift the child on the passenger seat so that the seat belt fits them perfectly. It has the following age, weight, and height requirements: 4-8 years, 60-120 lbs., and 49-59 inches.
    4. A vehicle seat belt is compulsory for children who have outgrown the age, weight, and height limit for their booster car seats.
  • Location in the car: Not Specified
  • Taxi: Exempt
  • Fine: $50 for the first offense
  • Maine seat belt law:
    • Law: All occupants (either in front or back seat) and children above 12 years will wear a seat belt.
    • Fine: $50
    • RVs: All occupants (either in front or back seat) and children above 12 years will wear a seat belt, while children under 12 will use a federally-approved child restraint system.

Related: How soon can a newborn travel long distance by car?


Massachusetts Car Seat Laws (Chapter90/Section7AA)

  • Law: Following child car seat laws have been enforced to control the number of deaths and fatal injuries to children in road accidents in Massachusetts State:
    1. Infant car seats will be your child’s first-ever car seat. They will travel in it until it exceeds its age (2+ years), weight (30 lbs.), and height (30 inches) limit.
    2. A child between 2-4 years, 30-60 lbs. and 30-9 inches will be restrained in forward-facing only seats or convertible car seats that can either be installed rear or forward-facing
    3. Booster car seat height and weight limit include 49-59 inches and 60-120 lbs. A child from the age of 4 to 8 years can use a booster car seat (some Best Car Seat Brands have an age limit of 12 years in booster car seats)
    4. When a child outgrows their booster seat’s age, weight, and height limit and the vehicle seat belt fits them perfectly will be allowed to wear it
  • Location in the car: Not specified
  • Taxi: Not exempt
  • Fine: $25
  • Massachusetts seat belt law:
    • Law: All occupants in a moving vehicle, including children above 12 years of age, are required to wear a safety seat belt
    • Fine: $25
    • RVs: All occupants in a moving vehicle, including children above 12 years of age, are required to wear a safety seat belt. Children under 12 years use a child restraint system.

Michigan Car Seat Laws (Section 257.710d & 257.710e(3b))

  • Law: Michigan car seats are made obligatory for children between ages 0-12 as specified:
    1. Rear face car seat law in Michigan State says that a child of age 0-2 years, weight 5-30 lbs., and height 20-32 inches. An infant car seat will be installed rear-facing in the vehicle
    2. Age, weight, and height requirements for forward-facing car seats are: 2-4 years, 30-60 lbs. and 32-49 inches
    3. Booster car seats will be your child’s travel partner until they meet their age, weight, and height requirements: 4-8 years, 60-120 lbs., and 49-59 inches.
    4. When a child crossed upper booster seat age and weight requirements, will be considered safe to shift from a booster seat to a vehicle seat belt
  • Location in the car: A child under 4 years will be restrained in the rear-passenger seat
  • Taxi: Exempt
  • Fine: $10 for a 4-year-old child | $25 for a 4-8 years old or 57″ tall child
  • Michigan seat belt law:
    • Law: Front seat occupants are required to wear a seat belt
    • Fine: $25
    • RVs: Front seat occupants must use a seat belt while children under 12 will use a federally-approved and to their age-related child restraint system

Minnesota Car Seat Laws (169.685-Subd. 5)

  • Law: Minnesota car seat laws state that: “Every child under 8 and 4ft. 9 inches will ride in their age-related child passenger restraining system unless they have grown enough to wear a seat belt.” The Minnesota Office of Traffic Safety marks it as a general child passenger safety rule and does not specify the child car seat types by age. The residents of Minnesota need to follow the NHTSA (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration) instructions for child’s safety on the road as listed below:
    1. New rear-facing car seat law state that a child under age 2, weight 30 lbs. or height 32 inches, will travel in a rear-facing and will be restrained by a 5-point harness system
    2. Forward-facing car seat regulations involve the following age (2-4 years), weight (0-60 lbs.), and height (32-49 inches) limit
    3. Once a child outgrows, the upper requirements of age, weight, and height for a forward-facing car seat will be shifted to a booster seat
    4. When a child is 8+ years old, weighs 100+ lbs. and is 57+ inches tall will be considered eligible for a vehicle seat belt in the Minnesota State
  • Location in the car: Not specified
  • Taxi: Exempt
  • Fine: $50
  • Minnesota seat belt law:
    • Law: front seat occupants are required to wear a seat belt
    • Fine: $71
    • RVs: children are required to use a child restraint system, and front seat occupants must use a seat belt

Mississippi Car Seat Laws (MCA 63-7-301)

  • Law: Keeping in view the NHTSA and AAP recommendations, Mississippi car seat laws have been detailed for the safety and comfort of children. Children under 8 years will be restrained in moving vehicles in the following pattern:
    1. Infant car seat rear facing laws have the following age, weight, and height requirements: 0-2 years, 5-30 lbs., and 20-32 inches.
    2. Forward-facing only seats or convertible car seats requirements in Mississippi are age: 2-4 years, weight: 30-65 lbs., and height 32-49 inches.
    3. Age, weight, and height requirements for booster seats in Mississippi State are 4-8 years, 60-100 lbs. and 40-57 inches.
    4. When a child crosses their booster seat weight and height limit will be shifted to a vehicle seat belt.
  • Location in the car: Not specified
  • Taxi: Not exempt
  • Fine: $25
  • Mississippi seat belt law:
    • Law: Front seat occupants, as well as children of ages 4-7, are required to wear a seat belt
    • Fine: $25
    • RVs: Front seat occupants, as well as children of ages 4-7, are required to wear a seat belt, while kids under 4 will follow the child passenger restraining system

Missouri Car Seat Laws 

  • Law: According to the Missouri car seat laws, every child under 8 will be adequately restrained in their age, weight, and height-related car seats in the following pattern:
    1. Infant car seat guidelines for Missouri children are: It will be installed rear-facing, and the required age, weight, and height limit will be: 0-2 years, 5-30 lbs. and 20-32 inches
    2. Every child who has crossed the infant car seat requirements will be allowed to face-forward in their forward-facing or convertible car seats
    3. The required upper and lower booster seat weight, height, and age will be 60-100 lbs. 49-57 inches, and 4-8 years
    4. When your child reaches the upper age and weight limit, a booster seat will be allowed to wear a vehicle seat belt. Generally, children above 12 years are permitted to use a safety seat belt
  • Location in the car: Not specified
  • Taxi: Exempt
  • Fine: $50
  • Missouri seat belt law:
    • Law: Front seat occupants, including children (8-16 years old), are required to wear a seat belt
    • Fine: $50 for child passengers (8-15 years old) | $10 for Senior Passengers
    • RVs: Front seat occupants, including children (8-16 years old), are required to wear a seat belt, and children below 12 will follow the child restraining laws.

Montana Car Seat Laws (61-9-420)

  • Law: Car seat laws in Montana for children (from infancy to childhood) in moving vehicles are as follows:
    1. Rear-facing car seats will be used to restrain the child under 2 years. Infant car seat weight limit includes 5-35 lbs. while height limit is 20-32 inches.
    2. The next car seat after rear-facing will be a forward-facing-only seat or a convertible car seat. A forward-facing car seat weight limit includes 30-60 lbs. age limit 2-4 years, while height limit is 32-49 inches
    3. Booster seat laws in Montana State say that a child of age 4-8 years, weight 60-100 lbs. and height 49-57 inches.
    4. The children of Montana must wear a vehicle safety belt once they cross the age, weight, and height limit for their booster car seats.
  • Location in the car: Not specified
  • Taxi: Not exempt
  • Fine: $100
  • Montana seat belt law:
    • Law: Wearing a seat belt is necessary for all the occupants
    • Fine: $20
    • RVs: Children under 12 are required to use a child restraint system, and Wearing a seat belt is necessary for all the occupants

Nebraska Car Seat Laws

  • Law: Nebraska car seat laws 2022 state, “Every child under 8 years of age will be adequately restrained in child restraint system until they have grown enough to wear a seat belt”.
    1. Infant car seat regulations in Nebraska have the following age, weight, and height requirements: 0-2 years, 5-30 lbs., and 20-32 inches.
    2. The required age, height, and weight requirements for forward-facing car seats are 2-4 years, 30-60 lbs. and 32-49 inches.
    3. A child fulfilling the booster seat standards such as age (4-8+ years), weight (60-120 lbs.), and height (49-57 inches) can use it while traveling in Nebraska State.
    4. When a child crossed the age for a booster seat will be shifted to a vehicle seat belt.
  • Location in the car: Children under 7 will be restrained in the back passenger seat. If not available, the parents must ensure that the airbag is inactive for children under 12 and is active for children above 13.
  • Taxi: Exempt
  • Fine: $25
  • Nebraska seat belt law:
    • Law: A safety seat belt is mandatory for all occupants, including children above 18
    • Fine: $25
    • RVs: A safety seat belt is mandatory for all occupants, including children above 18, while children under 12 will be restrained according to the State child car seat laws

Nevada Car Seat Laws (NRS 484B.157)

  • Law: Nevada car seat laws 2022 for children (from infancy to childhood) are as follows:
    1. Children of age 0-2 years, 5-30 lbs. and 20-30 inches will travel in rear-facing only seats or convertible car seats that will be installed rearward
    2. Face forward a child in car seats when they have the following age, weight, and height: 2-4 years, 30-60 lbs. and 30-49 inches tall
    3. The upper and lower booster car seat weight guide includes 60-120 lbs. depending on your car seat brand. Children of age 4-8 and height 49-59 can use booster car seats
    4. When a child crosses the booster car seat weight and height will be shifted to the vehicle seat belt
  • Location in the car: Children under 2 years must be restrained in the back passenger seat
  • Taxi: Exempt
  • Fine: $100-500 for the first offense
  • Nevada seat belt law:
    • Law: All occupants (either in the back or front seat) are required to wear a seat belt
      Fine: $25
      RVs: All occupants (either in the back or front seat) are required to wear a seat belt, while children under 12 will use the child restraint system

New Hampshire Car Seat Laws (RSA 265:107-a)

  • Law: New Hampshire car seat laws state that a child between 0-7 years of age will remain in a federally-approved child passenger restraining system while traveling by road or by air.
    • Children between 0-2 years, 5-30 lbs. or 20-3 2inches height will travel rear-facing in an infant seat or convertible car seat that will be installed ear-facing
    • Forward-facing only seats or convertible car seats will be your child’s second car seat and accommodate them until they meet their age, weight, and height standards, i.e., 2-4 years, 30-60 lbs. and 32-49 inches
    • New Hampshire booster seat law state that a child between 4-8 years of age, weighs 60-100 lbs. and is 49-57 inches tall will remain in a booster car seat
    • When a child outgrows, the age, weight, and height limit for a booster car seat will be shifted to a vehicle seat belt
  • Location in the car: Not specified
  • Taxi: Exempt
  • Fine: $50 for the first offense
  • New Hampshire seat belt law:
    • Law: No law for seat belt
    • Fine: Not specified
    • RVs: All the occupants and children up to 18 years will use a seat belt, while children under 12 will use a child restraint system

New Jersey Car Seat Laws (NJSA 39:3-76.2a)

  • Law: New Jersey car seat laws state that “children under 12 will be restrained in a federally-approved child restraint system in the following manner:
    1. Newborns and infants will be secured in rear-facing only seats or convertible car seats (installed rear-facing) until they meet their age (0-2 years), weight (5-30 lbs.), and height (20-32 inches) requirements.
    2. Convertible seats or Forward facing car seat limits are Age: 2-4 years, Weight: 30-60 lbs. and Height: 30-49 inches.
    3. Booster seat age New Jersey lies between 4-8 years. A child who weighs 60-100 lbs. and 40-57 inches tall can travel in a booster car seat.
    4. When a child outgrows the age, weight, and height limit for a booster car seat and the seat belt fits them snugly will be allowed to wear it while traveling.
  • Location in the car: Every child under 8 and 57 inches will be restrained in the back passenger seat if available
  • Taxi: Not exempt
  • Fine: $75
  • New Jersey seat belt law:
    • Law: It is illegal for all the occupants (either in the back or front seat) to travel without wearing a safety seat belt
    • Fine: $46
    • RVs: It is illegal for all the occupants (either in the back or front seat) to travel without wearing a safety seat belt, while children under 12 will use a federally-approved child passenger restraining system

Related: Does car seat go behind the driver or passenger?


New Mexico Car Seat Laws 

  • Law: A restrained child is less likely (90%) to receive fatal crash injuries than an unrestrained child. Therefore, New Mexico car seats have been made mandatory to follow unless your child is 8+ years old.
    1. Infant car seat guidelines for age, weight, and height of children include 0-2 years, 5-30 lbs. and 20-32 inches.
    2. The required age, height, and weight limit for forward-facing car seats are 2-4 years, 30-60 lbs. and 32-49 inches.
    3. A child fulfilling the booster seat standards such as age (4-8+ years), weight (60-120 lbs.), and height (49-57 inches) can use it while traveling in New Mexico State.
    4. When a child crossed the age for a booster seat will be shifted to a vehicle seat belt.
  • Location in the car: Rear-facing car seats will be installed in the back passenger seat
  • Taxi: Not exempt
  • Fine: $25
  • New Mexico seat belt law:
    • Law: A safety seat belt is mandatory for all occupants, including drivers and children under 18
    • Fine: $25
    • RVs: A safety seat belt is mandatory for all occupants, including drivers and children under 18, while children under 12 will use the child restraint system

New York Car Seat Laws

  • Law: New York state car seat laws make it obligatory to use a child passenger restraining system for children under 12 years so that the chances of getting fatal crash injuries would be minimal. Children from infancy to childhood would be restrained as follows:
    1. New York car seat laws rear-facing child has the following age, weight, and height ranges: 0-2 years, 5-32 lbs. and 20-32 inches.
    2. When can a child face forward in car seats in New York? A child who meet the forward-facing car seat age (2-4 years), weight (30-60 lbs.), and height (30-49 inches) standards will be allowed to face forward in car seats.
    3. New York state law for booster seats defines the following age, weight, and height limitations to start and stop using a booster car seat: 4-8 years, 60-120 lbs. and 49-59 inches.
    4. When a child reaches the upper age, weight, and height limit for their booster car seats and the vehicle seat belt fits them perfectly will be allowed to wear it
  • Location in the car: Not specified
  • Taxi: Exempt (Children from the age of 8 must wear a seat belt)
  • Fine: $100
  • Colorado seat belt law:
    • Law: All occupants are required to wear a seat belt
    • Fine: $50
    • RVs: All occupants are required to wear a seat belt, while children below 12 will follow the child car seat law

North Carolina Car Seat Laws (G.S. 20-137.1)

  • Law: According to the North Carolina car seat laws 2022, every child under 16 will be adequately restrained in their age-related child passenger restraining system in the following pattern:
    1. Rear-facing seats only or convertible car seat age, weight, and height limits include 0-2 years, 5-30 lbs. and 20-32 inches. Infant car seats will be installed rear-facing
    2. Forward facing car seat age, weight, and height of children include: 2-4 years, 30-65 lbs. and 32-49 inches
    3. The recommended car booster seat age for North Carolina kids lies between 4-8 years, while its weight and height requirements are 60-100 lbs. and 49-57 inches, respectively
    4. Once a child reaches their booster seat, upper age limit and the vehicle seat belt fits them snugly will be allowed to wear it while traveling
  • Location in the car: Not specified
  • Taxi: Not exempt
  • Fine: $25
  • North Carolina seat belt law:
    • Law: Vehicle seat belt is mandatory for all occupants (either in front or back seat). Front seat occupants are required to wear a seat belt
    • Fine: $10 for rear-facing child and $25.50 for all other occupants
    • RVs: Vehicle seat belt is mandatory for all occupants (either in the front or back seat). Front seat occupants are required to wear a seat belt; Kids under 12 will use the child restraint system.

North Dakota Car Seat Laws

  • Law: North Dakota car seat laws 2022 state that children less than 12 years or 4ft. 9 inches stall must use a federally-approved child passenger restraining system as follows:
    1. In North Dakota State, rear-facing car seat age is 0-2 years, while weight and height limits for infant car seats are 5-30 lbs. and 20-32 inches
    2. Weight and height requirements for forward facing car seats are 30-65 lbs. and 32-49 inches. A child who is 2-4 is restrained in forward-facing or convertible car seats.
    3. Required age, weight, and height for booster seat are: 4-8 years, 65-120 lbs. and 49-57 inches
    4. A 12 years old child to whom the vehicle seat belt fits snugly is allowed to wear it in the North Dakota State
  • Location in the car: Not specified
  • Taxi: Not exempt
  • Fine: $25
  • North Dakota seat belt law:
    • Law: front seat occupants are required to wear a seat belt
    • Fine: $25 for passengers under 18 and $20 for senior citizens
    • RVs: children are required to use a child restraint system, and front seat occupants must use a seat belt

Ohio Car Seat Laws

  • Law: Ohio car seat laws state that a child under 12 will be restrained in a standard child restraint system as recommended by the car seat manufacturers and approved by the Federal motor vehicle standards as follows:
    • Infant car seat rules in Ohio State include the following age, weight, and height range: 0-2 years, 5-30 lbs. and 20-32 inches.
    • When a child meets the age (2-4 years), height (32-49 inches), and weight (30-60 lbs.) requirement for forward-facing car seats will be allowed to upgrade from infant car seats.
    • The State’s requirements for a booster seat are Age (4-8+ years), Weight (60-120 lbs.), and Height (49-57 inches).
    • When a child crossed the booster car seat weight limit will be shifted to a vehicle seat belt.
  • Location in the car: Not specified
  • Taxi: Exempt
  • Fine: $75
  • Ohio seat belt law:
    • Law: Front seat occupants are required to wear a seat belt.
    • Fine: $20 for passengers and $30 for the driver.
    • RVs: Front seat occupants are required to wear a seat belt, while kids under 12 will use a child safety seat restraint system.

Oklahoma Car Seat Laws

  • Law: Oklahoma car seat laws state that a child under 8 years of age is having the standard child passenger restraint system while traveling in a vehicle as follows:
    1. Every child between 0-2 years, 5-30 lbs. and 20-30 inches will travel in rear-facing only seats or convertible car seats that will be installed rearward
    2. Front facing car seat age, weight, and height limits are: 2-4 years, 30-60 lbs. and 30-49 inches tall
    3. The upper and lower booster car seat weight guide includes 60-120 lbs. depending on your car seat brand. Children of age 4-8 and height 49-59 can use booster car seats
    4. When a child crosses the upper weight for booster seat will be shifted to the vehicle seat belt
  • Location in the car: Not specified
  • Taxi: Exempt
  • Fine: $50
  • Oklahoma seat belt law:
    • Law: All the occupants must wear a safety seat belt
    • Fine: $20
    • RVs: All the occupants must wear a safety seat belt, while children below 12 will follow the federally-approved child car restraints

Oregon Car Seat Laws (ORS 811.210(2))

  • Law: Oregon car seat law 2022 states that a child between 0-8 years will use the federally-approved child passenger restraining system as follows:
    1. Infant car seat ages, weight range, and eight limits are 0-2 years, 5-30 lbs. and 20-32 inches. Infant car seats will be installed rear-facing
    2. Forward-facing car seat regulations for the age, weight, and height of children include: 2-4 years, 30-65 lbs. and 32-49 inches
    3. Booster seat age in Oregon lies between 4-8 years, while its weight and height requirements are 60-100 lbs. and 49-57 inches, respectively
    4. Once a child reaches their booster seat, upper age limit and the vehicle seat belt fits them snugly will be allowed to wear it while traveling
  • Location in the car: Not specified
  • Taxi: Exempt
  • Fine: $110
  • Oregon seat belt law:
    • Law: All occupants, either in the back or front seat, will wear a safety seat belt
    • Fine: $130
    • RVs: All occupants, either in the back or front seat, will wear a safety seat belt while kids under 12 will follow child car restraints laws

Pennsylvania Car Seat Laws (Vehicle Code, 75 Pa.C.S. 4581)

  • Law: Under Pennsylvania car seat laws 2022 “Children from 0-12 years old will be secured in their age-relevant car seats as recommended by NHTSA”. Car seat age and type will be selected as described below:
    1. Rear-facing only seats or convertible car seats (that will be installed rear-facing) are used to restrain children who meet their age, weight, and height limits i.e. 0-2 years, 5-30 lbs. and 20-32 inches
    2. The age for forward-facing car seats in Pennsylvania lies between 2-4 years. Children between 30-60 lbs. and 32-49 inches will remain in forward-facing car seats
    3. Booster seat age in Pennsylvania is 4-8 years. Your child will remain in their booster seats until they reach their upper weight (100 lbs.) and height (57 inches) limit
    4. When a child crosses the age, weight, and height limit for a booster car seat would be shifted to a vehicle seat belt
  • Location in the car: Not specified
  • Taxi: Not exempt
  • Fine: $75
  • Pennsylvania seat belt law:
    • Law: All passengers, including driver and kids above 12, will use a seat belt
    • Fine: $10
    • RVs: All passengers, including driver and kids above 12, will use a seat belt while children under 12 will use a child restraint law

Rhode Island Car Seat Law (Section 31-22-22)

  • Law: Rhode Island car seat laws state that a child under 8 years will be appropriately restrained in a federally-approved child restraint system unless they start wearing a vehicle seat belt.
    Children from the age of 0-8 years will be secured as follows:

    1. The infant car seat age limit in Rhode Island is 0-2 years. All toddlers will ride rear-facing until they are less than 30 lbs. or 32 inches tall
    2. The required age, height, and forward-facing car seat weight limit are: 2-4 years, 30-60 lbs. and 32-49 inches
    3. A child who meets the booster seat standards such as age (4-8+ years), weight (60-120 lbs.), and height (49-57 inches) can use it while traveling in Rhode Island state.
    4. When a child reaches the upper age for a booster seat will be shifted to a vehicle seat belt.
  • Location in the car: A child under 8 will be restrained in the back passenger seat
  • Taxi: Not exempt
  • Fine: $85 for all occupants and $ 40 for children between ages 8-17
  • Rhode Island seat belt law:
    • Law: Seat belt is mandatory for all occupants, including drivers and child passengers above 18 years of age
    • Fine: $40
    • RVs: Seat belt is mandatory for all occupants, while children below 12 will follow the child seat restraint laws

South Carolina Car Seat Laws 

  • Law: South Carolina car seat laws make it illegal to take out children under 12 without an appropriate child passenger safety system on the road.
    Children from the age of 0-12 will be restrained as follows:

    1. Infant car seat weight limit and age requirements in Florida State are 0-3 years and 5-30 lbs. An infant will be installed rear-facing
    2. Forward facing car seat age law state that “A 3-5-year-old child will use a forward-facing or convertible car seat until they are 30-60 lbs. or 49 inches in height”
    3. Appropriate height, age, and weight for booster seats are 49-57 inches, 6-12 years, and 60-120 lbs.
    4. Every child above 8 and under 18 is required to use a child safety seat belt in moving vehicles
  • Location in the car: Child passengers (under 18) must be restrained in the back vehicle seat
  • Taxi: Exempt
  • Fine: $150
  • South Carolina seat belt law:
    • Law: Safety seat belt is mandatory for all passengers (either on the front or back seat) and child passengers above 18 years
    • Fine: $25
    • RVs: A safety seat belt is mandatory for all passengers (either on the front or back seat) and child passengers above 18 years, while kids under 12 will use a child restraint system

SOUTH DAKOTA Car Seat Laws (32-37-1)

  • Law: South Dakota car seat laws 2022 state that a child below 5 years will be adequately secured in a moving vehicle according to the federally-approved child passenger restraining system as specified here:
    1. Rear-facing only or infant car seat age limit is -2 years, weight and height limits are 5-30 lbs. and 20-30 inches, respectively.
    2. Forward-facing only seats or convertible car seat weight limits include 30-60 lbs. All kids between 2-4 years or 20-30 inches will remain in forward-facing car seats.
    3. South Dakota booster seat laws age, weight, and height standards include 4-12 years, 60-120 lbs. and 4ft.9ʺ.
    4. When a child has reached their booster car seat upper age, weight, and height limit will be shifted to a vehicle seat belt.
  • Location in the car: Not specified
  • Taxi: Not exempt
  • Fine: $25
  • South Dakota seat belt law:
    • Law: Front seat occupants are required to wear a seat belt
    • Fine: $20 and $25 for child passengers under 18 years
    • RVs: Front seat occupants are required to wear a seat belt, while children below 12 will be secured in car seats according to the Federal Child Restraint Laws.

Tennessee Car Seat Laws (T.C.A. 55-9-602)

  • Law: Tennessee car seat laws are obligatory for children under 12 years of age to control the number of deaths and fatal injuries to children in daily road accidents.
    Newborns to children of age 12 will be restrained in moving vehicles in the following pattern:

    1. Infant car seat requirements include age 0-2 years, weight 5-30 lbs., and height 20-32 inches. This car seat will be installed rear-facing.
    2. Forward-facing only seats or convertible car seats will be your child’s travel partner unless they cross its age (2-4 years), weight (30-65 lbs.), and height (32-49 inches) limit.
    3. The required age, height, and weight for a child booster car seat are 4-8 years, 49-57 inches, and 65-120 lbs.
    4. Child seat belt restraints will be legal when a child outgrows their booster seat’s age, weight, and height limits.
  • Location in the car: Children between 0-12 years or 57 inches will be restrained in the rear seat. If not available, the parents must ensure that the airbag is not active for children below 13 and that they are adequately secured in their car seats.
  • Taxi: Not exempt
  • Fine: $50
  • Tennessee seat belt law:
    • Law: Wearing a seat belt is mandatory for front seat occupants
    • Fine: $30
    • RVs: Wearing a seat belt is mandatory for front seat occupants, while children under 12 years will use a child restraint system

Texas Car Seat Laws (Sec. 545.412 Transportation)

  • Law: Texas car seat laws for children from the age of infancy to childhood are specified as follows:
    1. Newborns and infants will ride in rear-facing or convertible car seats that will be installed rearward for the safety of children. It has the following car seat requirements: Age: 0-2 years, Weight: 5-30 lbs. or Height: 20-32 inches.
    2. Forward-facing only seats or convertible car seats will be used to carry your child until they meet its car seat requirements, i.e., Age: 2-5 years, 30-65 lbs. and 30-49 inches.
    3. Required age, weight, and height for a booster car seat are 4-8 years, 60-100 lbs., and 49-57 inches.
    4. Child seat belt regulations in Texas state, “When a child crossed the upper age, weight, and height limit for a booster car seat will be required to wear a seat belt.”
  • Location in the car: Not specified
  • Taxi: Exempt
  • Fine: $25 to $250
  • Texas seat belt law:
    • Law: A safety seat belt is mandatory for all occupants.
    • Fine: $25-50 for all passengers | $100-200 for child passengers under 18.
    • RVs: A safety seat belt is mandatory for all occupants, while children under 12 will be restrained by the Texas car seat age and weight regulations.

Utah Car Seat Laws (41 6a S1803 Code)

  • Law: In Utah, children under 8 years and 57 inches must be restrained in their age-related child car seats as follows:
    1. Rear-facing car seats will be used for children who meet their Age: of 0-2 years, Weight: of 5-30 lbs., and Height: 15-30 inches limits.
    2. Convertible car seats or front-facing car seat requirements are Age: 2-4 years, Weight: 30-60 lbs., and Height: 30-49 inches.
    3. Booster car seats are allowed in Hawaii State when a child meets this car seat requirement, and that is: Age: 4-8 years, Weight: 60-100 lbs., and Height: 49-59 inches
    4. When a child reaches the upper age, weight, and height limit for their booster seat and the vehicle seat belt that fits them snugly will be shifted to it
  • Location in the car: Not specified
  • Taxi: Not exempt
  • Fine: $45
  • Utah seat belt law:
    • Law: Wearing a seat belt is mandatory for all the occupants, including drivers and children below 12 years
    • Fine: $45
    • RVs: Wearing a seat belt is mandatory for all the occupants, including drivers and children above 12 years, while children under 12 will use a child restraint system

Vermont Car Seat Laws (23 V.S.A. § 1258)

  • Law: Vermont car seat laws say that every child under 18 must be restrained according to the federal-child passenger safety restraint system in the following pattern:
    1. Rear-facing car seat age limit is 0-2 years in Vermont. When a child outgrows their rear-facing car seat, age, weight (5-30 lbs.), and height (20-32 inches) will be allowed to face-forward in a car seat
    2. Forward-facing car seat requirements are age: 2-4 years, weight: 30-65 lbs., and height 32-49 inches.
    3. Age, weight, and height requirements for a booster seat in Vermont are 4-8 years, 60-100 lbs., and 40-57 inches.
    4. When a child crosses their booster seat’s age, weight, and height limit will be shifted to a vehicle seat belt.
  • Location in the car: rear-facing car seat must be installed in the back seat; if not possible, the parents must ensure that the airbag is not active for children under 4.
  • Taxi: Exempt
  • Fine: $25 for the first offense.
  • Vermont seat belt law:
    • Law: All passengers, including (front and back seat occupants) are required to wear a seat belt.
    • Fine: $25
    • RVs: All passengers, including (front and back seat occupants) are required to wear a seat belt, while children under 12 will use a federally-approved child passenger restraining system.

Virginia Car Seat Laws (13 – Section 46.2)

  • Law: In Virginia, children until age 12 will use a federally-approved child restrained system as specified:
    1. Newborns, infants, and toddlers until age 2 and above will use a rear-facing-only seat or a convertible car seat that will be installed rear-facing.
    2. Forward-facing car seat regulations in Virginia say that a child of age 2-4 years, weight up to 60 lbs. and height below 49 inches will remain in a forward-facing car seat.
    3. The required age, height, and weight requirements for a booster seat for children are 4-8 years, 60-120 lbs., and 49-57 inches.
    4. When a child outgrows its age, weight, and height limit for a booster car sea will be shifted to a vehicle seat belt.
  • Location in the car: Rear-facing car seats must be installed in the back passenger seat. If the parents have no choice other than the front seat, they would have to ensure that the child under 4 will be restrained rearward, the airbag must not be active, and it will be busy for children above 13 years.
  • Taxi: Exempt
  • Fine: $50
  • Virginia seat belt law:
    • Law: Front seat occupants are required to wear a seat belt
    • Fine: $25
    • RVs: Front seat occupants are required to wear a seat belt, while children below 8 will use a federally-approved child restraint system

Related: When to upgrade from an infant car seat?


Washington DC Car Seat Laws ( Section 50-1703)

  • Law: In the State of Washington DC, it is illegal to transport a child under 16 without an appropriate child restraint system. Children under 16 will be restrained in their age-relevant car seats as follows:
    1. Rear-facing only seats or convertible car seats will carry your child until they meet its age, weight, and height standards, i.e., 0-2 years, 5-30 lbs. and 20-32 inches
    2. Front-facing car seat requirement for a child who has crossed its rear-facing age limit includes: 2-4 years, 30-60+ lbs. and 32-49 inches
    3. Required age, height, and weight limit for booster seat are: 4-8 years, 60-120 lbs. and 49-59 inches
    4. When a child is 12 years old, and the vehicle seat belt fits them snugly will be allowed to wear it while traveling by road
  • Location in the car: Not specified
  • Taxi: Exempt
  • Fine: $75
  • Washington DC seat belt law:
    • Law: All occupants (either in the back or front seat) are required to wear a seat belt
    • Fine: $50
    • RVs: All occupants (either in the back or front seat) are, required to wear a seat belt, while children below 12 will use a federally-approved child passenger restraining system

West Virginia Car Seat Laws (17C-15-46)

  • Law: West Virginia car seat laws make it obligatory to restrain a child in a federally-approved child restraint system as listed below:
    1. Infant car seats are used to restrain a child of age 0-2 years, weight 5-30 lbs. and height 20-32 inches. This car seat will be installed rear-facing
    2. Forward-facing only seats or convertible car seats will be your child’s travel partner unless they cross its age (2-4 years), weight (30-65 lbs.), and height (32-49 inches) limit
    3. Age, height, and weight requirements for booster seats are 4-8 years, 49-57 inches, and 65-120 lbs.
    4. When a child outgrows, the upper age, weight, and height limits for a booster car seat will be considered eligible for the vehicle seat belt
  • Location in the car: Not specified
  • Taxi: Not exempt
  • Fine: $20
  • West Virginia seat belt law:
    • Law: Front seat occupants and child passengers below 18 years of age are required to wear a seat belt
    • Fine: $25
    • RVs: Front seat occupants and child passengers below 18 years of age are required to wear a seat belt, while children between 0-12 will use a child restraint system

Wisconsin Car Seat Laws (Chapter 347.48.4)

  • Law: According to the Wisconsin child car seat laws:
    1. Infant car seat age and weight requirements in Florida State are 0-3 years and 5-30 lbs. An infant will be installed rear-facing
    2. A 3-5-year-old child will use a forward-facing or convertible car seats until they are 30-60 lbs. or 49 inches in height
    3. Appropriate age, weight, and height requirements for a booster car seat are 6-12 years, 60-120 lbs. and 4ft. 9 inches
    4. Every child above 8 and under 17 is required to use a child safety seat belt in moving vehicles
  • Location in the car: children under 4 will be restrained in the back passenger seat
  • Taxi: Exempt
  • Fine: $175.30 for child passenger under 4 | $150.10 for child passenger between 4-7
  • Wisconsin seat belt law:
    • Law: All passengers are required to wear a seat belt
    • Fine: $20 while $25 for child passengers under 18
    • RVs: Children under 8 are required to use a federally-approved child restraint system while All occupants, including the driver, need to wear a seat belt

Wyoming Car Seat Laws (31-5-1303)

  • Law: Wyoming car seat laws state that every child under 9 years must be adequately restrained in their car seats as specified below:
    1. Rear-facing car seat age in Wyoming State is kept 0-2 years. On the other hand, weight and height limits for infant car seats are 5-30 lbs. and 20-32 inches.
    2. Forward facing car seat weight and height is 30-65 lbs. and 32-49 inches. A child who is 2-4 is restrained in forward-facing or convertible car seats.
    3. Required age, weight, and height for booster car seats are 4-8 years, 65-120 lbs., and 49-57 inches.
    4. When a child outgrows the age, weight, and height limit for a booster car seat and the vehicle seat belt fits them perfectly will be allowed to wear it.
  • Location in the car: Every child under 8 years required to be restrained on the back passenger seat
  • Taxi: Not exempt
  • Fine: $50 for the first offense
  • Wyoming seat belt law:
    • Law: All passengers either in the back or front seat (including driver and children above 12 years) required to wear a seat belt
    • Fine: $25 for drivers and $10 for passengers
    • RVs: All passengers in the back or front seat (including drivers and children above 12 years) must wear a seat belt. Children under 12 will use a child restraint system.
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Rebecca Gale author

Rebecca Gale is a mother of 3 and a CPST (Child Passenger Safety Technician), having 10 years of experience. She knows the challenges of parenthood and the importance of a child’s safety without compromising their comfort. She’s helping the parents in making the right choice by providing the best authentic information about Baby car seats.

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